Description of the New Netherlands

24 over in 1642 as Schout (sheriff) of the Patroons’ Colony of Rensselaerwyck, he in 1647 left this service in consequence of a quarrel with the vicedirector, and purchased from the Indians the colony of Colen Donck, now Yonkers (getting its name from his title), for which he received a patent in 1648.” A controversy between Van der Donck and several other colonists and the government led to a “Remonstrance” published in Holland in 1650, doubtless the work of Van der Donck, which gives incidentally an account of New Netherland and matters relating to its history, of high value. A translation of this by Henry C. Murphy may be seen in the “ New York Historical Collections,” second series, ii. 251. The “ Description of New Netherland ” appeared in Amsterdam in 1655. A translation of the entire work by General Jeremiah Johnson was published in the “New York Historical Society Collections,” 1841. The description of the country, a large portion of which is given in the present leaflet, is followed by a long and important section on the Indians, and by a discourse between a patriot and a New Netherlander on the character of the new colony. The best account of the original sources of information concerning New Netherland is that by Berthold Fernow in the critical notes appended to his chapter on New Netherland in the “ Narrative and Critical History of the United States,” vol. iv. The great series of volumes of “Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New York ” contains many papers illustrating this early period. Mrs. Martha J. Lamb’s “ History of the City of New York,” and the “Memorial History of the City of New York,” edited by James Giant Wilson, are very complete upon the Dutch period. There are many histories of the State of New York. A good account of them may be found in the appendix to Elbridge S. Brooks’s “ Story of New York,” which is the best book for the young people. The excellent volume in the “ American Commonwealths ” series is by Ellis H. Roberts. PUBLISHED BY THE OLD SOUTH ASSOCIATION, Old South Meeting-house, Boston, Mass.