A Christian Guide to Body Stewardship, Diet and Exercise

16 Chapter 2: Basic Nutrition Key Terms: Amino acids Fad diet Monounsaturated fat Amenorrhea Fat Muscle dysmorphia Anabolism Fat-soluble vitamins Non-celiac gluten sensitivity Anorexia athletica Fatty acids Nonessential amino acids Anorexia nervosa Female athlete triad Nutrient Binge eating disorder Fiber Nutrition Bulimia nervosa Gluten Phytochemicals Carbohydrates Glycemic index Polysaccharides Catabolism Glycemic load Polyunsaturated fat Celiac disease Incomplete protein Protein Cholesterol Intermittent fasting Saturated fat Complete protein Insoluble fiber Soluble fiber Conditional amino acid Ketones Trace mineral Dietary reference intake Ketoacidosis Trans fat Disaccharides Micronutrients Vegan Disordered eating Minerals Vegetarian Electrolytes Monosaccharides Vitamins Essential amino acids Macronutrients Water-soluble vitamins Learning Objectives: • Identify and understand the function of the four macronutrients • Distinguish the Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load • Name at least 3 foods that are high in each macronutrient • Identify and understand the function of micronutrients • Name at least 3 vitamins and 3 minerals and their value in a healthy diet • Know how to choose a healthy diet plan and recognize the features of a fad diet