A Christian Guide to Body Stewardship, Diet and Exercise

71 Chapter 4: Stress Management and Sleep Key Terms: Alarm stage Exhaustion stage Self-induced stressors Anxiety Fight-or-flight response Sleep deprivation Chronic sleep deprivation Insomnia Sleep hygiene Circadian biological clock Inverted-U theory Sleep-wake homeostasis Cortisol IZOF theory Stress Depression Jet lag Stress management Distress Melatonin Stress response Drive theory Norepinephrine Stressor Emotional intelligence Oxytocin Sympathetic nervous system Epinephrine Relational wisdom Tend-and-befriend response Eustress Resistance stage Learning Objectives: • Explore what the Bible says about trials, anxiety, tribulation and sleep • Understand what stress is, its causes and the difference between stress and stressors • Explain the basic physiology of the stress response • List signs and symptoms of prolonged stress and identify ways in which one can minimize selfcaused stressors • Understand the causes and treatment of depression and suicide • Understand the scope, causes and effects of sleep deprivation • Understand how much sleep one needs and identify ways to improve one’s quality of sleep